摘要：“碳中和 ”目標發布后，怎樣才能更好地實現“碳中和 ”，核能在其中發揮什么作用，如何更好地發揮作用，需要深入研究。我國清潔低碳能源技術日趨成熟、經濟性不斷提升，同時受政策驅動，風電、光伏等清潔低碳能源高比例發展態勢愈加明晰。但風電、光伏具有間歇性、波動性，必須有基荷電源的配合，以保障電力穩定供應?！疤贾泻?”目標下，煤電將逐漸減少，通過核電替代煤電的基荷電源功能，保障電力穩定供應，同時加快碳減排。核能還可通過與其他清潔能源建立互補協同發展機制，以消除各自發展瓶頸，實現共同發展，有效推進我國“碳中和”目標的實現。
Abstract: The announcement of the carbon neutrality target raises questions on how to achieve carbon neutral better, and what role nuclear power should better play in it. China’s clean and low-carbon energy technology is becoming more and more mature and the technology’s cost is constantly improving. At the same time, driven by policies, the development trend of high proportion of clean and low-carbon energy such as wind power and photovoltaic is gradually clearer. Wind power and photovoltaic have intermittence and volatility, and must be matched by base-load power to ensure the stable supply of electricity. Nuclear power substitutes the base-charge power function of coal power, which can guarantee the stable supply of electricity, and at the same time can accelerate carbon emission reduction to ensure the effective realization of the carbon neutrality target. Nuclear energy can also promote common sustainable development by establishing a complementary and collaborative development mechanism with other clean energy sources, and accelerate the replacement of coal in the field of power generation and heating, thus making an important contribution to the achievement of China’s carbon neutrality target.
Key words: Carbon Neutral; Clean Energy; Nuclear Energy; Synergy; Development Strategy